Views: 9 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-03-14 Origin: Site
Who will be the biggest beneficiary of rising prices
Combined with the cumulative transaction volume of pipeline natural gas and liquefied natural gas, Russia will still be the largest channel for EU natural gas imports in 2021 - accounting for about 40%. But the U.S. is catching up fast, exemplified by liquefied natural gas (LNG) deals in 2021.
U.S. market share expands to around 26% of EU imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG)
(above), surpassing Qatar and Russia to become the EU's largest channel for LNG imports. In contrast, in 2019 before the outbreak, the United States was still lower than the above two countries.
Entering January 2022, the natural gas transaction between the United States and the European Union has become more active, the amount of liquefied natural gas imported by the European Union from the United States has actually reached "about five times that of pipeline natural gas imported from Russia". The data for February has not yet been queried, so the advantage is still on the US side.
And oil! The U.S. also managed to overtake Russia and Saudi Arabia a few years ago to become the world's largest oil producer and a net oil exporter in 2019. Facing the current situation in Russia and Ukraine, the European Union, the United States and their other allies have adopted a number of blockades and restrictions.
For the EU, which is highly dependent on the import of natural gas and oil from Russia, the potential energy crisis cannot be underestimated. It is precisely because of this concern that the current major oil and natural gas futures market prices have skyrocketed. Among them, the price of Brent crude oil was close to 140 US dollars / barrel.
Goldman Sachs, Nomura and other institutions predict that the price of oil in the international market will soon exceed US$150/barrel, and some institutions even give an expectation of US$180 or US$200/barrel. This is undoubtedly a rare opportunity for American oil companies that are actively expanding their markets.
The impact on automated instruments
As a global crude oil importer, oil prices are always affected by the international environment. Since the beginning of this year, the fundamentals of oversupply in the international oil market still exist, but affected by factors such as the US dollar exchange rate and U.S. crude oil inventories, the overall trend of decline, rise and then decline. In a market with low oil prices, crude oil importing countries increase purchases, providing opportunities for my country's development in the international energy market.
The rise and fall of oil prices will cause chain reactions to related industries, such as oil service, equipment, chemical and other industries. China's oil-producing oilfield, Daqing Oilfield, is gradually reducing production, which has a direct impact on the petroleum and petrochemical industry, and instrumentation, as the foundation of the industry, will also suffer a corresponding impact, affecting the economic growth rate of instrumentation. With the reduction in the workload of oil service, some private enterprises will be affected by the economy and have gone bankrupt. At the same time as the number of enterprises decreases, the demand for instruments and meters also decreases, which makes the life of the instrument and meter industry difficult.
Under the circumstances of falling oil prices and lower production, many oilfield companies have carried out reforms. While reducing production, Daqing Oilfield is also increasing the exploitation of natural gas, in an attempt to make up for the space in the oilfield by natural gas. Whether it is oil or natural gas extraction, exploration and exploitation instruments are required, which makes the development of instrumentation change again. With the development of technology, automated instruments play an important role in the construction of refining and chemical integration and large-scale installations. In the Tianjin explosion accident some time ago, the safety awareness of enterprises has been improved, and then the safety system of instrumentation in petrochemical mining has been paid attention to. At the same time, higher requirements have been put forward in the technology of gas sensors and online detection instruments.
A series of mining equipment, such as liquid level gauges, flow meters, analyzers, measuring instruments, etc., are used in the exploitation of oil and natural gas. In order to cope with the drop in oil prices, oilfield companies have carried out reforms. During the reform, the requirements for instruments and meters have also been relatively improved, especially the requirements of environmental protection mining, and the equipment and facilities must meet the conditions of clean mining. In order to achieve long-term development, instrumentation enterprises need to improve the technology of instrumentation and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the industry.